Some of the references here will not be found in the body of the text as information taken from them was used only in the preparation of the original distribution maps (to come at some future date). Information on the historical treatment of the Sphingidae in european literature is also provided.

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ABAFI-AIGNER, L. (1907). Magyarország lepkéi [Lepidoptera of Hungary]. Budapest, Hungary: Királyi Magyar Természettudományi Társulat, 137 pp. [in Hungarian]

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AISTLEITNER, U. & AISTLEITNER, E. (1998). Faunistic records of Bombyces and Sphinges (sensu classico) from Spain (Insecta: Lepidoptera). SHILAP Revta. lepid., 26(103): 147--163.

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BANG-HAAS, O. (1937). Neubeschreibungen und Berichtigungen der Paläarktischen Makrolepidopterenfauna, XXVII. Ent. Z., Frankf. a. M., 50: 562--564. [in German]

BANG-HAAS, O. (1938). Neubeschreibungen und Berichtigungen der Paläarktischen Makrolepidopterenfauna, XXXVI. Ent. Z., Frankf. a. M., 52: 177--180. [in German]

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BARTH, M. B., BUCHWALDER, K., KAWAHARA, A. Y., ZHOU, X., LIU, S. L., KREZDORN, N., ROTTER, B., HORRES, R. & HUNDSDOERFER, A. K (2018). Functional characterization of the Hyles euphorbiae hawkmoth transcriptome reveals strong expression of phorbol ester detoxification and seasonal cold hardiness genes. Frontiers in Zoology, 15(20): 18 pp. [PAPER]

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BEARDSLEY, J. W. (1979). New immigrant insects in Hawaii: 1962 through 1976. Proc. Hawaii. ent. Soc., 23: 35--44.

BECKAGE, N. E., TEMPLETON, T. J., NIELSEN, B. D., COOK, D. I. & STOLTZ, D. B. (1987). Parasitism-induced hemolymph polypeptides in Manduca sexta (L.) larvae parasitized by the braconid wasp Cotesia congregata (Say). Insect Biochem., 17: 439--455.

BECKAGE, N. E., METCALF, J. S., NIELSEN, B. D. & NESBIT, D. J. (1988). Disruptive effects of azadirachtin on development of Cotesia congregata in host tobacco hornworm larvae. Archs Insect Biochem. Physiol., 9: 47--65.

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BERGMANN, A. (1953). Die Großschmetterlinge Mitteldeutschlands, 3. Spinner und Schwärmer. Jena, East Germany, xii + 552 pp., 9 pls. [in German]

BERNARD, J. (1964). Notes de zoologie appliquée. Bull. éc. natn. sup. agric. Tunis, (5): 29--38. [in French]

BERNAYS, E. A. & JANZEN, D. H. (1988). Saturniid and sphingid caterpillars: two ways to eat leaves. Ecology, Brooklyn, 69: 1153--1160.

BERTUCH, F. J. & BERTUCH, C. (1802). Bilderbuch für Kinder: enthaltend eine angenehme Sammlung von Thieren, Pflanzen, Früchten, Mineralien ... alle nach den besten Originalen gewählt, gestochen und mit einer ... den Verstandes-Kräften eines Kindes angemessenen Erklärung begleitet, 4. Weimar, [Germany], ii, 506 pp. [in German] [PLATE]

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DANNER, F., EITSCHBERGER, U. & SURHOLT, B. (1998a). Die Schwärmer der westlichen Palaearktis. Bausteine zur einer Revision (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) - Textband. Herbipoliana, 4(1): 1--368. [in German] [JOURNAL ISSUE]

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