LAOTHOE WITTI Eitschberger, Danner & Surholt, 1998

GB: Afghan Poplar Hawkmoth

Laothoe philerema witti Eitschberger, Danner & Surholt, 1998, Herbipoliana 4(1): 123--124, pl. 9.

Type locality: Paghman, 30km NW Kabul, 2100m, [Afghanistan].

(Taxonomic note. The DNA barcodes of this species differ significantly from those of Laothoe philerema, more than enough (7.2%) to indicate that it is a good species.)


BIOGEOGRAPHICAL AFFILIATION

Holarctic; western Palaearctic region. Pleistocene refuge: Monocentric -- northern section of Sindian refuge.


ADULT DESCRIPTION AND VARIATION

Male Laothoe witti, Paghman, 30km NW Kabul, Afghanistan, 2100m. Photo: © Sphingidae Museum, Pribram.

Wingspan: 120--140mm. Very similar to Laothoe philerema in appearance, but significantly larger. Like that species, it resembles a very pale, poorly marked Laothoe populi populi, but with the rust-red hindwing patch of that species vestigial or absent.


ADULT BIOLOGY

Around Kabul, Afghanistan, it occurs at between 1800 and 2500m altitude (Danner, Eitschberger & Surholt, 1998); in India at an altitude of 1,596m (Riyaz, et al., 2021).

The Indian specimen was captured in an inhabited, agricultural area of the main Kashmir Valley with trees of Populus deltoides, Juglans regia, Robinia pseudoacacia, Ulmus sp., Salix sp., and Malus sp. (Riyaz, et al., 2021). It is thus likely to occur in similar areas across the rest of Kashmir, in both India and Pakistan.


FLIGHT-TIME

Adults have been captured in July, on 6.vii.2020 in India, and 20-30.vii.1962 in Afghanistan.


EARLY STAGES

OVUM: Unknown.

LARVA: Unknown.

PUPA: Unknown.


PARASITOIDS

None recorded.


DISTRIBUTION

So far, only known for sure from eastern Afghanistan (Ebert, 1969; Daniel, 1971) and, since 2020, from Tehsil Herman, Shopian District, Jammu & Kashmir, India (Riyaz, et al., 2021). There is also an unconfirmed report from the Gulmarg Wildlife Sanctuary in Jammu & Kashmir, India.


Global distribution of Laothoe witti. Map: © Tony Pittaway.

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