AMBULYX JAPONICA KOREANA Inoue, 1993

Male Ambulyx japonica koreana. Photo: © NHMUK. Female Ambulyx japonica koreana, Xingshan, Hubei, China. Photo: © Tony Pittaway, IZAS.

TAXONOMY

Ambulyx japonica koreana Inoue, 1993, Insecta Koreana 10: 50. Type locality: South Korea, Kangwon Province, Mt. Odae [Odae-san].


ADULT DESCRIPTION AND VARIATION

Wingspan: 81--86mm.


ADULT BIOLOGY

Typical habitat of Ambulyx japonica koreana, Qinling, Shaanxi, China. Photo: © Tony Pittaway.

FLIGHT-TIME

China: 9.v (Xingshan); 10.v (Fangshan); vi (Qinling; Baihua Shan); 25.vi (Changbai Shan); 20.vii (Lingyuan). North Korea: 24-30.vi (South Pyongan Province). South Korea: 13.v-3.vi (Kyonggi Province); 18-31.v (South Chungchong Province); 20.v-26.vii (Kangwon Province); 11.vi (South Cholla Province); 14.vii (Cheju Province).


EARLY STAGES

OVUM:

LARVA:

PUPA:

Larval hostplants. Recorded in China on unspecified Aceraceae (Chu & Wang, 1980). In Japan, the nominotypical subspecies has been recorded on Acer (Inoue et al., 1982) and Carpinus japonica (Nakamura, 1977), while Yano (1994) reared it on Carpinus laxiflora and C. tschonoskii. Juglans mandschurica and Rhus javanica were refused.


PARASITOIDS

Unknown.


LOCAL DISTRIBUTION

China: Jilin (Changbai Shan); Liaoning (Lingyuan); Beijing (Fangshan; Baihua Shan); Tianjin (Baxian Shan); Shaanxi (Qinling); Hubei (Xingshan, 1300m); Sichuan; ?Hainan (Jinfeng).

The many records from the Qinling Mountains and other mountainous areas of China represent a considerable extension of the known range of this subspecies (NCFY, SFSI, IZAS). The record from Hainan (Zhu & Wang, 1997), however, is suspect (too far south).

North Korea: South Pyongan Province (Myohyang-san).

South Korea: Baengnyeong-do & Daecheong-do; Kyonggi Province (Gwangleung; Aengmubong; Youngjong-do; Myungji-san); Kangwon Province (Chiak-san; Hongcheon; Odae-san; Samak-san; Daeryong-san; Seolak-san; Yangyang; Taebek-san; Donghae; Chuncheon; Bongmyung-ri; Jiam-ri; Youngwol); South Chungchong Province (Gyeryong-san); North Cholla Province (Daedun-san; Mujugucheondong; Jiri-san; Namwon); South Cholla Province (Nejang-san; Baekyang Temple; Wolchul-san; Gurye; Haenam); North Kyongsang Province (Ulleung-do; Sobaek-san; Youngcheon; Cheongdo); South Kyongsang Province (Hamyang; Jinyang; Yeohang-san; Muhak-san; Namhae; Pusan; Geoje-do; Goseong; Milyang; Sancheong; Ulsan; Uiryong; Hadong; Hapcheon); Cheju Province (Cheju-do; Shiitake-goya, 800m; Topyung; Gwaneum Temple; Andeok; Sungpanak; Youngsil; Ipseok-dong; Seoguipo).


GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION

Korea and eastern China. Previously, this subspecies was considered restricted to the Korean Peninsula.


Global distribution of Ambulyx japonica koreana. Map: © NHMUK.

There are two other subspecies, A. j. japonica in Japan and A. j. angustifasciata in Taiwan.


BIOGEOGRAPHICAL AFFILIATION

Holarctic; eastern Palaearctic region. Pleistocene refuge: Monocentric -- Sinopacific refugium.



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© A.R. Pittaway & I.J. Kitching (The Natural History Museum, London)