GAZETTEER


These are regions, places and geographical features mentioned in the texts.

LOCATIONNOTES
Alborz MountainsMountain range in northern Iran bordering the Caspian Sea.
AlpsMountain range in central Europe.
AlmeriaProvince of southern Spain.
AltaiMountain range bridging China, Russia, Kazakhstan and Mongolia.
AmurlandPortion of the Russian Far East and northern China bordering the Amur River.
AnatoliaPlateau covering most of central Turkey.
Asia MinorArea encompassing Turkey to the Caspian Sea.
Asir MountainsMountain range in S.W. Saudi Arabia.
Ascension IslandIsland in the South Atlantic Ocean
Atlas MountainsEast-west mountain range in N.W. Africa.
AzoresGroup of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean.
Baikal, LakeFreshwater lake in central Siberia.
Balearic IslandsThe islands of Majorca, Minorca and Ibiza in the western Mediterranean.
BaluchistanLand of the Baluch people, split between Iran and Pakistan.
BalkansYugoslavia, Albania, Greece, Bulgaria and Romania; also a mountain range in Bulgaria.
BavariaSouthernmost state of Germany.
BessarabiaSouth-western area of Ukraine bordering Romania; includes part of Moldova (Moldavia).
BukharaArea and town to the west of Samarkand, Uzbekistan.
Canary IslandsThe islands of Gran Canaria, Tenerife and Lanzarote off the northwest coast of Morocco.
Cape Verde IslandsMid-Atlantic islands off the west coast of Africa.
CaucasusEast-west mountain range between the Caspian and Black Seas.
CrimeaPeninsula in the northern Black Sea, southern Ukraine.
CuencaProvince in eastern Spain.
DagestanEastern portion of the Caucasus bordering the Caspian Sea.
FerganaLarge valley and town along the western edge of the Tian Shan (east of Bukhara), Uzbekistan.
Galapagos IslandsGroup of Pacific islands west of Ecuador, South America.
GranadaProvince in southern Spain.
Heilongjiang ProvinceProvince in N.E. China; formally part of Manchuria.
HimalayaEast-west mountain range between India and China.
Hindu KushMountainous area in eastern Afghanistan and northern Pakistan.
Iberian PeninsulaSpain and Portugal.
Jilin ProvinceProvince in N.E. China; formally part of Manchuria.
KazanCapital of the Tatar A.S.S.R., european Russia.
KomilandArea of north-east european Russia inhabited by the Komi people.
Kopet Dag MountainsMountain range between Turkmenistan and Iran, southeast of the Caspian Sea.
KurdistanLand of the Kurdish people, split between Iran, Iraq and Turkey.
Kurile IslandsChain of islands between Hokkaido (Japan) and the Kamchatka Peninsula, Russian Far East.
KuwaitArab state at the northern end of the Persian Gulf between Iraq and Saudi Arabia.
LevantArea of the Middle East encomapssing Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Jordan.
Liaoning ProvinceProvince in N.E. China; formally part of Manchuria.
Low CountriesThe Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg.
MacedoniaFormer Yugoslav republic, bordered by Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece and Albania.
MauritaniaOld name for area of N.W. Africa roughly comprising Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco, as used in this work (=Mauretania); also a modern independent state in southern N.W. Africa, but outside the scope of this work.
MesopotamiaPlain of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, Iraq.
Middle EastSyria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq, Iran and the Arabian Peninsula.
Nei Mongol ProvinceInner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China.
New WorldNorth and South America; western hemisphere.
Ningxia ProvinceNingxia Hui Autonomous Region, China.
Old WorldEurope, Africa and Asia; eastern hemisphere.
PamirsNorth-south mountain range south of the Tian Shan range; western Himalaya.
PatagoniaSouthern Argentina (New World).
Pontic MountainsEast-west mountain range in northern Turkey bordering the Black Sea (adj. Pontine).
PyreneesEast-west mountain range separating France and Spain.
Qinghai ProvinceProvince in central northern China containing Lake Qinghai.
Rif MountainsSmall mountain range in northern Morocco opposite Spain.
Sakhalin IslandIsland off the eastern coast of Russia, north of Japan.
Salang PassMountain pass north of Kabul, Afghanistan.
ScandinaviaDenmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland.
SenegalWesternmost country in northern Africa.
SiberiaRegion of Russia east of the Ural Mountains.
Sichuan ProvinceProvince in central southern China.
Sierra de la YedraMountains in Granada province, southern Spain.
TeruelProvince in eastern Spain.
Tian ShanEast-west mountain range bridging Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and western China.
Toros (Taurus)East-west mountain range across southern Turkey.
TransbaikalArea to the east of Lake Baikal, Siberia, Russia.
TranscaspiaArea between the Caspian and Aral Seas, Central Asia.
TranscaucasiaArea south of the Caucasus Mountains and between the Black and Caspian Seas encompassing the Republic of Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia.
TurkestanLand of the Turkic peoples, stretching from the Caspian Sea into China (Xinjiang Province).
UralsNorth-south mountain range in Russia separating Europe from Asia.
UssuriPart of the Russian Far East bordering the Ussuri/Amur river border between China and Russia.
Volga RiverLarge river in European Russia which flows into the Caspian Sea.
Xizang ProvinceProvince in southern China; formerly Tibet.
Xinjiang ProvinceProvince in western China (Chinese Turkestan).
YemenCountry at the south-western tip of the Arabian Peninsula.
Yunnan ProvinceProvince in southern China bordering on Myanmar.
Zagros MountainsNorth-south mountain range in south-western Iran.


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