SMERINTHUS MINOR Mell, 1937 -- Minor eyed hawkmoth

Male Smerinthus minor. Photo: © NHMUK Male Smerinthus minor, Taiyue Shan, Shanxi, China, 2000m, 3.vii.1937. PARATYPE. Photo: © Tony Pittaway

TAXONOMY

Smerinthus minor Mell, 1937, Dt. ent. Z. 1937: 5. Type locality: China, south Shensi [Shaanxi, Qinling Shan], Taipeishan [Taibai Shan], <<33.8°N 108°E>>, 1700m.


ADULT DESCRIPTION AND VARIATION

Distinguishable from other Chinese species of Smerinthus by the angular protrusion on the lower half of the forewing outer margin.


Male Smerinthus minor. Photo: © Viktor Sinjaev.

ADULT BIOLOGY

A montane species confined to cool temperate deciduous forest zones.


Typical habitat of Smerinthus minor, Qinling Shan (2000m), Shaanxi, China. Photo: © Tony Pittaway.

FLIGHT-TIME

Univoltine; early June to early July.


EARLY STAGES

OVUM: Unknown.

LARVA: Unknown.

PUPA: Unknown.

Larval hostplants. Unknown.


PARASITOIDS

Unknown.


LOCAL DISTRIBUTION

China: Hebei/Beijing (Miaofeng Shan); Shanxi (Taiyue Shan, 2000m); Shaanxi (Qinling Shan, Taibai Shan, 1700-2000m); Hubei (Tapien Shan, 900-1800m); Hunan (Wuling Shan).

Once considered endemic to the Taibai Shan in the western Qinling Mountains of Shaanxi, where it is not uncommon at 2000m (11 specimens in the SFSI and more than 10 in the NAUY). However, Yang (1978) recorded and illustrated a male from the Miaofeng Mountains near Beijing, but misidentified it as Smerinthus tokyonis Matsumura. There is also a specimen in the IZAS from the Wuling Mountains, Hunan.


GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION

Endemic to China.


Global distribution of Smerinthus minor. Map: © NHMUK.

BIOGEOGRAPHICAL AFFILIATION

Holarctic; eastern Palaearctic region. Pleistocene refuge: Monocentric -- Sinoeremic refugium.



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© A.R. Pittaway & I.J. Kitching (The Natural History Museum, London)