OPISTOCLANIS HAWKERI (Joicey & Talbot, 1921)

Female Opistoclanis hawkeri. Photo: © BMNH Male Opistoclanis hawkeri. Photo: © BMNH

TAXONOMY

Clanis hawkeri Joicey & Talbot, 1921, Entomologist 54: 106. Type locality: French Indo-China [Laos/Cambodia/Vietnam].

Synonym. Clanis hawkeri Joicey & Talbot, 1921.


ADULT DESCRIPTION AND VARIATION

Male Opistoclanis hawkeri in normal resting posture, Mai Chau, Hoa Binh Prov., Vietnam, 29.iv.2011. Photo: © Tony Pittaway.

ADULT BIOLOGY

Found at altitudes between 888 and 2800m.


FLIGHT-TIME

China: 7.vi (Yunnan). In Thailand, O. hawkeri flies between late March and early May at the end of the dry season (I. J. Kitching, unpublished data).


EARLY STAGES

OVUM: Unknown.

LARVA: Unknown.

PUPA: Unknown.

Larval hostplants. Unknown.


PARASITOIDS

Unknown.


LOCAL DISTRIBUTION

China: Yunnan (Shuangjiang, 888m); Hainan.


GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION

China (Yunnan, Hainan), northern Thailand, Laos and northern Vietnam (Inoue, Kennett & Kitching, [1996] 1997).


Global distribution of Opistoclanis hawkeri. Map: © BMNH.

BIOGEOGRAPHICAL AFFILIATION

Holarctic; eastern Palaearctic region. Pleistocene refuge: Monocentric -- Yunnan refugium.



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© A.R. Pittaway & I.J. Kitching (The Natural History Museum, London)