NOTONAGEMIA ANALIS SCRIBAE (Austaut, 1911) -- Grey double-bristled hawkmoth

Female Notonagemia analis scribae. Photo: © NHMUK Male Notonagemia analis scribae. Photo: © NHMUK

TAXONOMY

Psilogramma scribae Austaut, 1911, Ent. Z., Frankf. a.M. 44: 242. Type locality: Japan.

Synonym. Meganoton scribae (Austaut, 1911) Jordan, 1911.

Synonym. Psilogramma scrioae (Austaut, 1911) Zhu & Wang, 1997.

Synonym. Meganoton analis scribae (Austaut, 1911) Kitching & Cadiou, 2000.

Note. The small, dark, high altitude population from southeast China (Guangdong, Nanling National Forest Park, 1100m) requires further study with regard to its exact relationship to Notonagemia analis scribae. Although several of these are almost identical to typical Notonagemia analis scribae from Korea and Japan, DNA barcodes place them firmly within Notonagemia analis analis.


ADULT DESCRIPTION AND VARIATION

Wingspan: 87--110mm.


Resting Notonagemia analis scribae, Japan. Photo: © Kenichiro Nakao. Resting Notonagemia analis scribae, Japan. Photo: © Kenichiro Nakao.

ADULT BIOLOGY


FLIGHT-TIME

China: 31.v (Guangdong). North Korea: 15-29.v (North Pyongan Province); 1-12.vii (North Pyongan Province). South Korea: vi-viii ([many localities]). Japan: 22.iv (Hokkaido); 14.vi-6.viii (Honshu; Hokkaido); viii-ix (Honshu). Russia: 17-29.vii (Kurile Islands).

Park et al. (1999) give early June until early August as the flight period in Korea.


EARLY STAGES

OVUM: Undiscribed.

LARVA: An illustrated review of early and late stage larvae is given by Dvořák (2016).

PUPA: Illustrated in Dvořák (2016).

Larval hostplants. Recorded in Japan from Magnolia kobus (Nozakai & Miyata, 1989), as well as Magnolia obovata and Magnolia liliiflora. It has also been reported from Sassafras tzumu. A roundup of hostplant utilization in Japan is given by Dvořák (2016).


PARASITOIDS


LOCAL DISTRIBUTION

China: ?Guangdong (Nanling National Forest Park, 1100m).

North Korea: North Pyongan Prov. (Chonma County, Chonma-san).

South Korea: Seoul; Kyonggi Prov. (Suwon; Gwangleung; Yongmum-san; Cheongpyong; Baekun-san; Myungji-san); Kangwon Prov. (Gwangduk-san; Daeryong-san; Seolak-san; Jeombong-san; Odae-san; Sogumgang; Nochu-san; Chiak-san; Baeduk-san; Taebek-san; Donghae; Cheolwon; Chuncheon; Bongmyung-ri; Hongcheon); North Chungchong Prov. (Chupungryung; Wolak-san); South Chungchong Prov. (Chilgab-san); North Cholla Prov. (Mujugucheondong; Jiri-san; Namwon); South Cholla Prov. (Baekyang Temple; Mudeung-san; Gurye); North Kyongsang Prov. (Eorae-san; Sobaek-san; Gunwi; Seongju; Yongcheon; Cheongdo); South Kyongsang Prov. (Hamyang; Jinyang; Yeohang-san; Geoje-do; Baekun-san; Gibaek-san; Hwangsuk-san; Goseong; Namhae; Milyang; Sancheong; Ulsan; Hadong); Cheju Prov. (Cheju-do).

Japan: Hokkaido (Kushiro; Tokachi); Honshu (Sado Island; Gifu; Yokohama; Mt. Yats; Ohdaru Spa; Tokyo; Kumanotaira; Mikaboyama, 750m; Yunotaira Spa; Mt. Norikura; Nagano, Akasina; Fujiwara, Gunma Pref.); Shikoku; Kyushu.

Russia: Kurile Islands (Kunashir Island).


GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION

Southern Russian Far East (Kurile Islands), ?eastern China (rare), North Korea, South Korea and Japan (Komatsu & Inoko, 2000).


Global distribution of Notonagemia analis scribae. Map: © NHMUK.

BIOGEOGRAPHICAL AFFILIATION



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© A.R. Pittaway & I.J. Kitching (The Natural History Museum, London)