MARUMBA GASCHKEWITSCHII GRESSITTI Clark, 1937

Female Marumba gaschkewitschii gressitti. Photo: © NHMUK Male Marumba gaschkewitschii gressitti. Photo: © NHMUK

TAXONOMY

Marumba gaschkewitschi [sic] gressitti Clark, 1937, Proc. New Engl. zool. Club 16: 29. Type locality: Formosa [Taiwan, Nantou Hsien], Hori [Puli].


ADULT DESCRIPTION AND VARIATION

Wingspan: 80--85mm.


Male Marumba gaschkewitschii gressitti, Renluen (1400m), Nantou Hsien, Taiwan. Photo: © Shipher Wu. Male Marumba gaschkewitschii gressitti, Taiwan. Photo: © Felix Lin.

ADULT BIOLOGY


FLIGHT-TIME

Taiwan: v-vi (Hualien Hsien).


EARLY STAGES

OVUM:

LARVA: Full-fed 75--83mm.

PUPA: 40mm.

Larval hostplants.


PARASITOIDS

Unknown.


LOCAL DISTRIBUTION

Taiwan: Nantou Hsien (Puli; Renluen, 1400m); Hualien Hsien (Taroko National Park).

The core distributions of the current four subspecies of M. gaschkewitschii are as follows:

Three former subspecies, namely M. g. echephron (Boisduval, [1875]), M. g. harutai Eitschberger & Ihle, 2012, and M. g. irata Joicey & Kaye, 1917, are now considered to be distinct species (Eitschberger, 2012).


GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION

Endemic to Taiwan.


Global distribution of Marumba gaschkewitschii gressitti. Map: © NHMUK.

BIOGEOGRAPHICAL AFFILIATION

Holarctic; eastern Palaearctic region. Pleistocene refuge: Monocentric -- Taiwan refugium.



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© A.R. Pittaway & I.J. Kitching (The Natural History Museum, London)