MACROGLOSSUM FARO FARO (Cramer, 1780) -- Large hummingbird hawkmoth

Female Macroglossum f. faro. Photo: © BMNH Male Macroglossum f. faro. Photo: © BMNH

TAXONOMY

Sphinx faro Cramer, 1780, Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exot.) 3: 165, pl. 285, fig. C. Type locality: [India,] "Coromandel" [Tamil Nadu/Andhra Pradesh].

Synonym. Sphinx faro Cramer, 1780.


ADULT DESCRIPTION AND VARIATION

Wingspan: 74--78mm. The largest known Macroglossum. Similar in colour and pattern to Macroglossum passalus, with the following differences: thorax upperside and sometimes the first abdominal tergites green, with no sharply defined dark area on the mesothoracic tegula; abdomen with yellow patches comparatively smaller; underside generally deeper brown; abdomen underside with sternites, at least the proximal ones, with large pale mesial patches; forewing upperside with antemedian lines being more distinctly separate; second discal line much thinner, and the space between first and second not black anteriorly; the black submarginal area being more like a band than a cloud; hindwing underside base obviously shaded with yellow.

Male genitalia similar to Macroglossum passalus, but harpe longer, with the tip more strongly recurved and more obviously denticulate; aedeagus with process longer, more acute, with a similar patch of teeth near its base, but these smaller, and the underside of the process densely denticulate.


ADULT BIOLOGY


FLIGHT-TIME

China: viii (Guangdong). Japan: viii (Ryukyu Archipelago).


EARLY STAGES

OVUM: Unknown.

LARVA: Unknown.

PUPA: Unknown.

Larval hostplants. Unknown.


PARASITOIDS


LOCAL DISTRIBUTION

China: Guangdong (Longtou Shan).

Japan: Ryukyu Archipelago (Okinawa; Iriomoteshima).


GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION

Southern India, Thailand, southeastern China, southern Japan (Ryukyu Archipelago), Vietnam, Malaysia (Peninsular, Sarawak), Indonesia (Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan).


Global distribution of Macroglossum faro faro. Map: © BMNH.

BIOGEOGRAPHICAL AFFILIATION



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© A.R. Pittaway & I.J. Kitching (The Natural History Museum, London)