MIMAS CHRISTOPHI (Staudinger, 1887)

Female Mimas christophi. Photo: © BMNH Male Mimas christophi. Photo: © BMNH

TAXONOMY

Smerinthus christophi Staudinger, 1887, in Romanoff (ed.), Mém. Lépid. 3: 162. Type locality: [Russia, Primorskiy Kray,] Wladiwostok [Vladivostok].

Synonym. Smerinthus christophi Staudinger, 1887.

Synonym. Smerinthus christophi alni Bartel, 1900.

Synonym. Mimas christophi pseudotypica O. Bang-Haas, 1936.


ADULT DESCRIPTION AND VARIATION

Wingspan: 59--77mm. Very similar to Mimas tiliae but smaller and darker (never greenish), and showing a less extensive variation in forewing colour and pattern. Midtibial and hindtibial spurs shorter than in Mimas tiliae. Hindwing upperside with distal edge of submarginal band more distal than in Mimas tiliae.

Male genitalia extremely similar to Mimas tiliae but uncus and gnathos more slender.


Mating pair Mimas christophi, Russian Far East. Photo: © Rudi Haller. Male Mimas christophi, Russian Far East. Photo: © Rudi Haller.

ADULT BIOLOGY

In the Russian Far East, a lowland species of mixed and pure deciduous woodland characterized by Quercus mongolica (Izerskiy, 1999b).


FLIGHT-TIME

China: 8-19.vi (Nei Mongol). Japan: 12.v-21.viii (Honshu); 8.vi-2.viii (Hokkaido). Russia: 27.v (Primorskiy Kray); 4.vi (Primorskiy Kray); 8.vi-20.vii (Khabarovsk Kray); 22.vi (Sakhalin Island); 26.vi (Amurskaya); 3-21.vii (Khabarovsk Kray; Kurile Islands); 7-28.vii (Primorskiy Kray); 18.viii (Primorskiy Kray).

Park et al. (1999) give late May until late August as the flight period in Korea.


EARLY STAGES

OVUM:

Egg of Mimas christophi, Russian Far East. Photo: © Rudi Haller.

LARVA:

Second instar larva of Mimas christophi, Russian Far East. Photo: © Rudi Haller. Third instar larva of Mimas christophi, Russian Far East. Photo: © Rudi Haller. Fourth instar larvae of Mimas christophi, Russian Far East. Photo: © Rudi Haller. Fifth instar larvae of Mimas christophi, Russian Far East. Photo: © Rudi Haller. Pre-pupal larva of Mimas christophi, near Kalinovka, Primorskiy Kray, Russian Far East, 14.vii.2011. Photo: © Anton Kozlov.

PUPA:

Larval hostplants. Recorded in Primorskiy Kray, Russia, on Alnus hirsuta (Derzhavets, 1984); however, Izerskiy (1999b) also lists Tilia, Acer, Ulmus, Salix and Betula. Streltzov, Osipov & Malikova (2003) give both Tilia and Quercus mongolica from Amurskaya.

Recorded in Korea on Alnus japonica, Quercus dentata, Ulmus davidiana var. japonica and Tilia amurensis (Park et al., 1999).


PARASITOIDS


LOCAL DISTRIBUTION

China: Nei Mongol (Zalantun/Butha Qi); Heilongjiang; Hubei; ?Hunan.

North Korea: South Hamgyong Prov. (Pulgaemi ridge above Pukchong City, 1500m).

South Korea: Kyonggi Prov. (Cheongpyong; Mungji-san); Kangwon Prov. (Seolak-san; Chuncheon); Cheju Prov. (Cheju-do; Ora-dong).

Japan: Hokkaido (Hakodate; Tesio; Junsai Numa; Tokachi; Obiniro); Honshu (Tokyo; Nikko; Bandai Heights; Mt. Akagi; Kirizumi Spa; Kamasawa; Karuizawa; Uchiyama; Kurokawa; Myoko; Bushi; Yamazumi; Ohdaru Spa; Kiyasato, 1300m); Shikoku; Kyushu.

Russia: Transbaikalia (Amazar; 60km SE Amazar); Amurskaya (Belogorsk; Blagoveshchensk; Uril area); Yevreyskaya (Bastak); Khabarovsk Kray (Slavyanka; Khabarovsk; Bolshekhekhtsyrskii nature reserve, Khabarovsk suburbs; Bikin; Boycovo; Innokent'evka; Komsomolsk-na-Amure; Pivan); Primorskiy Kray (Andreevka; Khasan; Primorskiy; Vladivostok; Narva; Kedrovaya Pad Nature Reserve; Vityaz Bay; near Kalinovka; near Zanadvorovka); Sakhalin Island; Kurile Islands (Kunashir).


GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION

Russian Far East, northeastern China, South Korea and northern and central Japan.


Global distribution of Mimas christophi. Map: © BMNH.

BIOGEOGRAPHICAL AFFILIATION



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© A.R. Pittaway & I.J. Kitching (The Natural History Museum, London)