MARUMBA CRISTATA CENTROSINICA Brechlin, 2014 -- Common striped hawkmoth

Upperside of female Marumba cristata centrosinica, Foping Nature Reserve, Taibai Shan, Qinling Shan, Shaanxi, China. ALLOTYPE. Photo: © Ronald Brechlin. Upperside of male Marumba cristata centrosinica, 15km south of Shou-Man village, Daba Shan, Shaanxi, China. HOLOTYPE. Photo: © Ronald Brechlin.

TAXONOMY

Marumba cristata centrosinica Brechlin, 2014, Entomo-Satsphingia 7(2): 61. Type locality: China, Shaanxi, Daba Shan, 15km south of Shou-Man village, 1800m, 32°08'N 108°37'E, 25.v.-14.vi.2000.

Note. Weakly differentiated from the nominate subspecies. However, there is some field evidence to suggest that Marumba cristata centrosinica may, in fact, be a distinct species.


ADULT DESCRIPTION AND VARIATION

Wingspan: 85-100mm; the smallest of the subspecies. With weak, at times near invisible, linear markings on the forewing upperside.


ADULT BIOLOGY

A montane species occurring at 1000-1800m altitude.


FLIGHT-TIME

China: iv (Sichuan); v-vi (Shaanxi; Sichuan; Hubei); vii (Shaanxi; Sichuan; Hubei; Xizang/Tibet); viii-ix (Chongqing); viii-x (Shaanxi).


EARLY STAGES

OVUM: Unknown

LARVA: Unknown

PUPA: Unknown

Larval hostplants. Unknown


PARASITOIDS

Unknown.


LOCAL DISTRIBUTION

China: Shaanxi (Daba Shan, 15km S Shou-Man village, 1000-1800m; Taibai Shan, Foping Nature Reserve, 1800m; Taibai Shan, Houzhenzi, 1600m; Qinling Shan, 50km N Ningshan, 1500m); Hubei (Tapien Shan, NE Wuhan, 900-1600m; Daba Shan, Songluohe, 1300-1800m); Sichuan (Guan Xian; Kangding; Xiaolou; Wawu Shan Forest Park, 1200m; Xiling Xueshan Dafeishui Scenic Area, 1400m; Qingcheng Houshan Resort, 1345-1500m; Tai Po); Chongqing (Guanmian Shan, 1500m); Xizang/Tibet (Baxoi/Baima).


GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION

Endemic to central China.


Global distribution of Marumba cristata centrosinica. Map: © NHMUK.

BIOGEOGRAPHICAL AFFILIATION

Holarctic; eastern Palaearctic region. Pleistocene refuge: Monocentric -- Yunnan refugium.



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© A.R. Pittaway & I.J. Kitching (The Natural History Museum, London)