HEMARIS OTTONIS (Rothschild & Jordan, 1903)

Female Hemaris ottonis. Photo: © NHMUK Male Hemaris ottonis. Photo: © NHMUK

TAXONOMY

Haemorrhagia staudingeri ottonis Rothschild & Jordan, 1903, Novit. zool. 9 (suppl.): 457. Type locality: [Russia,] Amur [Amurskaya/Khabarovskiy Kray]

Synonym. Haemorrhagia staudingeri ottonis Rothschild & Jordan, 1903.

Synonym. Hemaris stueningi Eitschberger, Danner & Surholt, 1998.


ADULT DESCRIPTION AND VARIATION

Wingspan: 37--40mm. Very similar to Hemaris staudingeri but distinguishable by the pale lateral stripes on the upperside of the thorax. Hindtibia yellowish grey over at least the basal half and often almost to the apex (Ian Kitching, pers. comm 2018).


Adult of Hemaris ottonis, Knight Bay, Khasan District, Primorskiy Kray, Russian Far East, 4.07.2014. Photo: © Evgenij Komarov. Adult of Hemaris ottonis with pre-flight scales, Khasan District, Primorskiy Kray, Russian Far East. Photo: © Andrey Zagorinskiy.

ADULT BIOLOGY

A species of deciduous woodland (Izerskiy, 1999b).


FLIGHT-TIME

China: v (Liaoning); 16-25.vi (Jilin); 10.vii (Shanxi). Russia: v (Primorskiy Kray); vi (Yevreyskaya); 19.vi (Primorskiy Kray); 4-12.vii (Primorskiy Kray); 2.viii (Primorskiy Kray).

Park et al. (1999) give mid May until late July as the flight period in Korea.


EARLY STAGES

OVUM: Undescribed.

LARVA: Undescribed.

PUPA: Undescribed.

Larval hostplants. Recorded by Chistyakov & Beljaev (1984) from Lonicera japonica; however, this appears to be a secondary reference back to Chu & Wang (1980), which itself appears to be a quote from another source. Serge Yevdoshenko (pers. comm. 2018) has confirmed that Lonicera is not the host for this species in the Russian Far East.


PARASITOIDS


LOCAL DISTRIBUTION

China: Jilin (Jiaohe, Lafa Shan); Liaoning (Jiguanshan; Changhai, Dachangshan Island); Beijing; Shanxi (Taiyue Shan, 2000m).

North Korea: North Hamgyong Prov. (Chongjin).

South Korea: Kyonggi Prov. (Gwangleung; Suwon; Cheonma-san; Myungji-san; Hwaak-san); Kangwon Prov. (Chiak-san); South Cholla Prov. (Wolsul-san).

Russia: Yevreyskaya (Pompeyevka); Khabarovskiy Kray; Primorskiy Kray (Narva; Ussuriysk; Siniy Mts.; Primorskiy; Khasan; Knight Bay, Khasan District).


GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION

Confined to the Russian Far East, northeastern China and the Korean Peninsula.


Global distribution of Hemaris ottonis. Map: © NHMUK.

BIOGEOGRAPHICAL AFFILIATION

Holarctic; Palaearctic (eastern). Pleistocene refuge: Monocentric -- Manchurian refuge.



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© A.R. Pittaway & I.J. Kitching (The Natural History Museum, London)