HEMARIS OTTONIS (Rothschild & Jordan, 1903)

Female Hemaris ottonis. Photo: © NHMUK Male Hemaris ottonis. Photo: © NHMUK

TAXONOMY

Haemorrhagia staudingeri ottonis Rothschild & Jordan, 1903, Novit. zool. 9 (suppl.): 457. Type locality: [Russia,] Amur [Amurskaya/Khabarovskiy Kray]

Synonym. Haemorrhagia staudingeri ottonis Rothschild & Jordan, 1903.

Synonym. Hemaris stueningi Eitschberger, Danner & Surholt, 1998.


ADULT DESCRIPTION AND VARIATION

Wingspan: 37--40mm. Very similar to Hemaris staudingeri but distinguishable by the pale lateral stripes on the upperside of the thorax. Hindtibia yellowish grey except tip.


ADULT BIOLOGY


FLIGHT-TIME

China: v (Liaoning); 16-25.vi (Jilin); 10.vii (Shanxi). Russia: vi (Yevreyskaya); 19.vi (Primorskiy Kray).

Park et al. (1999) give mid May until late July as the flight period in Korea.


EARLY STAGES

OVUM:

LARVA:

PUPA:

Larval hostplants. Recorded from the Russian Far East on Lonicera japonica (Chistyakov & Beljaev, 1984).


PARASITOIDS


LOCAL DISTRIBUTION

China: Jilin (Jiaohe, Lafa Shan); Liaoning (Jiguanshan; Changhai, Dachangshan Island); Beijing; Shanxi (Taiyue Shan, 2000m).

North Korea: North Hamgyong Prov. (Chongjin).

South Korea: Kyonggi Prov. (Gwangleung; Suwon; Cheonma-san; Myungji-san; Hwaak-san); Kangwon Prov. (Chiak-san); South Cholla Prov. (Wolsul-san).

Russia: Yevreyskaya (Pompeyevka); Khabarovskiy Kray; Primorskiy Kray (Narva; Ussuriysk).


GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION

Confined to the Russian Far East, northeastern China and the Korean Peninsula.


Global distribution of Hemaris ottonis. Map: © NHMUK.

BIOGEOGRAPHICAL AFFILIATION

Holarctic; Palaearctic (eastern). Pleistocene refuge: Monocentric -- Manchurian refuge.



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© A.R. Pittaway & I.J. Kitching (The Natural History Museum, London)