Callambulyx kitchingi Cadiou, 1996, Ent. Africana 1: 15. Type locality: China, Fukien [Fujian], Kuatun [10km NNE of Shaowu, 27°40'N 117°40'E].
China: iv (Longyan); 11-25.vi (Duowen Ling, nr Lingao); 12.vi (Jiangle); 20-29.vi (Jiulian Shan; Le'an); 8.vii-16.vii (10km NNE of Shaowu); 15.vii (Dayao Shan); 13-24.vii (Emei Shan); viii (Guangze; Nankunshan); ix (Guangdong).
Larval hostplants. Unknown.
China: Anhui (Mt. Huang Shan); Sichuan (Emei Shan); Guizhou (Xinzhaidashan, Zhijin County, 1000-2000m); Jiangxi (Jiulian Shan; Le'an; Wuyi Shan); Fujian (10km NNE of Shaowu, 2300m; Jiangle; Longyan, Chiyantou Shan; Wuyi Shan, 1400m); Guangdong (Nankunshan, NE of Guangzhou); Guangxi (Dayao Shan, 1400m (24°07'N 110°14'E)); Hainan (Duowen Ling, nr Lingao; Longhushan, Wenchang City).
Originally described from Fujian. However, records of Callambulyx r. rubricosa from Sichuan and Jiangxi (Wang, 1992; Wang & Zhao, 1993) are identifiable from accompanying illustrations as C. kitchingi. Records of 'C. rubricosa' from Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi and Guizhou are also probably C. kitchingi.
Endemic to China.
Holarctic; eastern Palaearctic region. Pleistocene refuge: Monocentric -- Yunnan refugium.