CALLAMBULYX KITCHINGI Cadiou, 1996

Female Callambulyx kitchingi, SW Guangdong (1300m), China. Photo: © Ronald Brechlin Male Callambulyx kitchingi, Wuyi Shan, Fujian, China. Photo: © Viktor Sinjaev

TAXONOMY

Callambulyx kitchingi Cadiou, 1996, Ent. Africana 1: 15. Type locality: China, Fukien [Fujian], Kuatun [10km NNE of Shaowu, 27°40'N 117°40'E].

ADULT DESCRIPTION AND VARIATION

Male Callambulyx kitchingi, Dayao Shan, Guangxi, China. Photo: © Viktor Sinjaev

ADULT BIOLOGY


FLIGHT-TIME

China: iv (Longyan); 11-25.vi (Duowen Ling, nr Lingao); 12.vi (Jiangle); 20-29.vi (Jiulian Shan; Le'an); 8.vii-16.vii (10km NNE of Shaowu); 15.vii (Dayao Shan); 13-24.vii (Emei Shan); viii (Guangze; Nankunshan); ix (Guangdong).


EARLY STAGES

OVUM: Unknown.

LARVA: Unknown.

PUPA: Unknown.

Larval hostplants. Unknown.


PARASITOIDS

Unknown.


LOCAL DISTRIBUTION

China: Anhui (Mt. Huang Shan); Sichuan (Emei Shan); Guizhou (Xinzhaidashan, Zhijin County, 1000-2000m); Jiangxi (Jiulian Shan; Le'an; Wuyi Shan); Fujian (10km NNE of Shaowu, 2300m; Jiangle; Longyan, Chiyantou Shan; Wuyi Shan, 1400m); Guangdong (Nankunshan, NE of Guangzhou); Guangxi (Dayao Shan, 1400m (24°07'N 110°14'E)); Hainan (Duowen Ling, nr Lingao; Longhushan, Wenchang City).

Originally described from Fujian. However, records of Callambulyx r. rubricosa from Sichuan and Jiangxi (Wang, 1992; Wang & Zhao, 1993) are identifiable from accompanying illustrations as C. kitchingi. Records of 'C. rubricosa' from Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi and Guizhou are also probably C. kitchingi.


GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION

Endemic to China.


Global distribution of Callambulyx kitchingi. Map: © BMNH.

BIOGEOGRAPHICAL AFFILIATION

Holarctic; eastern Palaearctic region. Pleistocene refuge: Monocentric -- Yunnan refugium.



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© A.R. Pittaway & I.J. Kitching (The Natural History Museum, London)