CALLAMBULYX TATARINOVII GABYAE Bryk, 1946 -- Elm hawkmoth

Female Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae. Photo: © NHMUK Male Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae. Photo: © NHMUK

TAXONOMY

Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae Bryk, 1946, Ark. Zool. 38 A 3: 71. Type locality: Japan: [Honshu, Nagano,] Kariuzawa; Japan: [Honshu, Hyogo,] Kobe; Japan (Vegaexpedition).

Synonym. Ambulyx flavina Austaut, 1912, Intern. Ent. Zeit. 6: 89.

Synonym. Callambulyx tatarinovii japonica Eichler, 1965.


ADULT DESCRIPTION AND VARIATION

Disturbed male Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Kenichiro Nakao. Female Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Gary Saunders. Male Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Tony Pittaway. Female Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Tony Pittaway.

ADULT BIOLOGY


FLIGHT-TIME

Japan: iv (Honshu); 13.v (Shikoku); 14.v-3.viii (Honshu); 23.v-20.vi (Hokkaido); 6.vii-1.viii (Hokkaido); 4.vii (Kyushu); 29.vii (Tsushima).


EARLY STAGES

OVUM: Large (1.7 x 1.5mm), almost spherical, pale green, glossy. Very similar in size, shape and colour to that of Laothoe populi populi.


Egg of Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Tony Pittaway.

LARVA: Depending on the quality of the hostplant, larvae of this species can undergo five or six instars.


First instar larva of Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Tony Pittaway. Early second instar larva of Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Tony Pittaway. Late second instar larva of Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Tony Pittaway. Early third instar larva of Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Tony Pittaway. Fourth instar larva of Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Tony Pittaway. Early penultimate (fifth) instar larva of Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Tony Pittaway. Late penultimate (fifth) instar larva of Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Tony Pittaway. Late penultimate (fifth) instar larva of Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Tony Pittaway. Penultimate (fifth) instar larva of Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Pascal Régnier. Early final (sixth) instar larva of Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Tony Pittaway. Early final (sixth) instar larva of Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Pascal Régnier. Full-grown final (sixth) instar larva of Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Tony Pittaway. Full-grown (sixth instar) larva of Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Toru Sakaguchi.

PUPA:


Pupa of Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae, Japan. Photo: © Tony Pittaway.

Larval hostplants. Recorded from Zelkova serrata (Nagano, 1904).


PARASITOIDS


LOCAL DISTRIBUTION

Japan: Hokkaido (Kushiro); Honshu (Kobe; Nagano; Mitake; Mt. Oboshiyama; Nashimoto; Sago-Eko; Shirikubiyama; Tatsurayama; Tokyo; Mikaboyama, 750m; Shizugawa; Tokatta; Kamasawa, 950m; Bushi); Shikoku (Shioemachi); Kyushu (Yufuin); Tsushima (Sasuna).


GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION

Endemic to Japan.


Global distribution of Callambulyx tatarinovii gabyae. Map: © NHMUK.

BIOGEOGRAPHICAL AFFILIATION



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© A.R. Pittaway & I.J. Kitching (The Natural History Museum, London)