ACOSMERYCOIDES HARTERTI (Rothschild, 1895) -- Hartert's hawkmoth

Male Acosmerycoides harterti. Photo: © NHMUK.

TAXONOMY

Ampelophaga harterti Rothschild, 1895, Dt. ent. Z., Iris 7: 299. Type locality: [India,] Upper Assam, [Lakhimpur,] Margherita.

Synonym. Ampelophaga harterti Rothschild, 1895.

Synonym. Rhagastis leucocraspis Hampson, 1910.

Synonym. Acosmerycoides insignata Mell, 1922.

Synonym. Acosmerycoides horishana Matsumura, 1927.

Synonym. Ampelophaga takamukui Matsumura, 1927.

Synonym. Clanis obscura Mell, 1958.


ADULT DESCRIPTION AND VARIATION

Wingspan: 80--90mm.


Adult of Acosmerycoides harterti, Jiucai Ling, Guizhou, China. Photo: © Viktor Sinjaev.

ADULT BIOLOGY


FLIGHT-TIME

China: iv (Guangdong; Hunan); 9.v (Yunnan); 31.v-1.vi (Guangdong); vi (Yunnan; Hainan); vii (Guizhou; Guangxi; Yunnan); viii (Fujian). Taiwan: v (Nantou Hsien); vi (Chiai Hsien); ix (Hualien Hsien).


EARLY STAGES

OVUM:

LARVA:


Full-grown larva of Acosmerycoides harterti. Image: Mell, 1922b

PUPA:


Pupa of Acosmerycoides harterti. Image: Mell, 1922b Pupa of Acosmerycoides harterti. Image: Mell, 1922b

Larval hostplants. Vitis and Saurauia (Bell & Scott, 1937).


PARASITOIDS


LOCAL DISTRIBUTION

China: Anhui (Mt. Huang Shan); Hubei (Badong; Lichuan; Julong Shan); Yunnan (Simao/Pu'er; Mengla County, Mt. Leigongyan, 2000m; Gaoligong Shan); Guizhou (Jiucai Ling; Xinzhaidashan, Zhijin County, 1000-2000m); Hunan (Nan Ling, 740-800m; Dayong); Jiangxi; Fujian (Guangze, 1200m; Longqi Shan); Guangdong (Longtou Shan; Nanling National Forest Park, 1100m); Guangxi (Dayao Shan); Hainan (Duowen Ling, nr Lingao; Longhushan, Wenchang City).

Taiwan: Hualien Hsien (Taroko National Park); Nantou Hsien (Puli); Chiai Hsien (Chiai); Taipei Hsien (Fushan); Ilan Hsien (Fushan Botanical Garden).


GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION

From Bhutan and Assam (Subhasish Arandhara, 2016), India, eastwards across northern Burma/Myanmar (Banmauk, Sagaing Province) and southern China to Taiwan, and then south to Thailand, Laos and Vietnam.


Global distribution of Acosmerycoides harterti. Map: © NHMUK.

BIOGEOGRAPHICAL AFFILIATION



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© A.R. Pittaway & I.J. Kitching (The Natural History Museum, London)